200 cụm động từ phổ biến trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp (P.1)

200 cụm động từ phổ biến trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp (P.1)

[caption id="attachment_12983" align="aligncenter" width="431"]200 cụm động từ phổ biến trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp 200 cụm động từ phổ biến trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp[/caption] Dưới đây là 200 cụm động từ (phrasal verbs) phổ biến với nghĩa và ví dụ đi kèm.
phrasal verb meaning example sentence

ask someone out

invite on a date Brian askedJudy out to dinner and a movie.

ask around

ask many people the same question asked aroundbut nobody has seen my wallet.

add up to something

equal Your purchases add up to$205.32.

back something up

reverse You’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.

back someone up

support My wife backedme up over my decision to quit my job.

blow up

explode The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.

blow something up

add air We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.

break down

stop functioning (vehicle, machine) Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.

break down

get upset The woman broke downwhen the police told her that her son had died.

break somethingdown

divide into smaller parts Our teacher broke the final project downinto three separate parts.

break in

force entry to a building Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.

break into something

enter forcibly The firemen had to break intothe room to rescue the children.

break something in

wear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel new I need to breakthese shoes inbefore we run next week.

break in

interrupt The TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.

break up

end a relationship My boyfriend and I broke upbefore I moved to America.

break up

start laughing (informal) The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.

break out

escape The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.

break out insomething

develop a skin condition broke out in a rash after our camping trip.

bring someone down

make unhappy This sad music is bringing me down.

bring someone up

raise a child My grandparents brought me upafter my parents died.

bring something up

start talking about a subject My mother walks out of the room when my father brings upsports.

bring something up

vomit He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.

call around

phone many different places/people We called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.

call someone back

return a phone call called the company backbut the offices were closed for the weekend.

call something off

cancel Jason called the wedding offbecause he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.

call on someone

ask for an answer or opinion The professor called on me for question 1.

call on someone

visit someone We called onyou last night but you weren’t home.

call someone up

phone Give me your phone number and I will callyou up when we are in town.

calm down

relax after being angry You are still mad. You need to calm downbefore you drive the car.

not care forsomeone/something

not like (formal) I don’t care forhis behaviour.

catch up

get to the same point as someone else You’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.

check in

arrive and register at a hotel or airport We will get the hotel keys when we check in.

check out

leave a hotel You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.

checksomeone/somethingout

look at carefully, investigate The company checks out all new employees.

check outsomeone/something

look at (informal) Check out the crazy hair on that guy!

cheer up

become happier She cheered upwhen she heard the good news.

cheer someone up

make happier I brought you some flowers to cheer you up.

chip in

help If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.

clean something up

tidy, clean Please clean upyour bedroom before you go outside.

come acrosssomething

find unexpectedly came acrossthese old photos when I was tidying the closet.

come apart

separate The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.

come down withsomething

become sick My nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.

come forward

volunteer for a task or to give evidence The woman came forwardwith her husband’s finger prints.

come fromsomewhere

originate in The art of origami comes from Asia.

count onsomeone/something

rely on I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.

cross something out

draw a line through Please cross out your old address and write your new one.

cut back onsomething

consume less My doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.

cut something down

make something fall to the ground We had to cutthe old tree in our yard downafter the storm.

cut in

interrupt Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.

cut in

pull in too closely in front of another vehicle The bus driver got angry when that car cut in.

cut in

start operating (of an engine or electrical device) The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.

cut something off

remove with something sharp The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.

cut something off

stop providing The phone company cut offour phone because we didn’t pay the bill.

cut someone off

take out of a will My grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.

cut something out

remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper) cut this ad outof the newspaper.

dosomeone/somethingover

beat up, ransack (BrE, informal) He’s lucky to be alive. His shop was done overby a street gang.

do something over

do again (AmE) My teacher wants me to domy essay overbecause she doesn’t like my topic.

do away withsomething

discard It’s time to do away with all of these old tax records.

do something up

fasten, close Do your coat upbefore you go outside. It’s snowing!

dress up

wear nice clothing It’s a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.

drop back

move back in a position/group Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.

drop in/by/over

come without an appointment I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.

dropsomeone/somethingoff

take someone/something somewhere and leave them/it there I have to dropmy sister off at work before I come over.

drop out

quit a class, school etc dropped outof Science because it was too difficult.

eat out

eat at a restaurant I don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s eat out.

end up

eventually reach/do/decide We ended uprenting a movie instead of going to the theatre.

fall apart

break into pieces My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.

fall down

fall to the ground The picture that you hung up last night fell downthis morning.

fall out

separate from an interior The money must have fallen outof my pocket.

fall out

(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattached His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.

figure something out

understand, find the answer I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.

fill something in

to write information in blanks, as on a form (BrE) Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.

fill something out

to write information in blanks, as on a form (AmE) The form must be filled out in capital letters.

fill something up

fill to the top I always fill the water jug upwhen it is empty.

find out

discover We don’t know where he lives. How can we find out?

find something out

discover We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.