200 cụm động từ phổ biến trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp (P.2)

200 cụm động từ phổ biến trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp (P.2)

[caption id="attachment_12983" align="aligncenter" width="463"]200 cụm động từ phổ biến trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp 200 cụm động từ phổ biến trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp[/caption] Dưới đây là 200 cụm động từ (phrasal verbs) phổ biến với nghĩa và ví dụ đi kèm.
phrasal verb meaning example sentence

get somethingacross/over

communicate, make understandable I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn’t listen.

get along/on

like each other I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.

get around

have mobility My grandfather can get aroundfine in his new wheelchair.

get away

go on a vacation We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.

get away withsomething

do without being noticed or punished Jason always gets away withcheating in his maths tests.

get back

return We got backfrom our vacation last week.

get something back

receive something you had before Liz finally gother Science notes back from my room-mate.

get back at someone

retaliate, take revenge My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.

get back intosomething

become interested in something again I finally got back into my novel and finished it.

get on something

step onto a vehicle We’re going to freeze out here if you don’t let us get on the bus.

get over something

recover from an illness, loss, difficulty I just got overthe flu and now my sister has it.

get over something

overcome a problem The company will have to close if it can’t get over the new regulations.

get round tosomething

finally find time to do (AmE: get around tosomething) I don’t know when I am going to get round towriting the thank you cards.

get together

meet (usually for social reasons) Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.

get up

get out of bed got up early today to study for my exam.

get up

stand You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.

give someone away

reveal hidden information about someone His wife gavehim away to the police.

give someone away

take the bride to the altar My father gaveme away at my wedding.

give something away

ruin a secret My little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.

give something away

give something to someone for free The library was giving away old books on Friday.

give something back

return a borrowed item I have to givethese skates back to Franz before his hockey game.

give in

reluctantly stop fighting or arguing My boyfriend didn’t want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.

give something out

give to many people (usually at no cost) They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.

give something up

quit a habit I am giving upsmoking as of January 1st.

give up

stop trying My maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.

go after someone

follow someone My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.

go after something

try to achieve something went after my dream and now I am a published writer.

go against someone

compete, oppose We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.

go ahead

start, proceed Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.

go back

return to a place I have to go back home and get my lunch.

go out

leave home to go on a social event We’re going outfor dinner tonight.

go out with someone

date Jesse has been going out withLuke since they met last winter.

go over something

review Please go overyour answers before you submit your test.

go over

visit someone nearby I haven’t seen Tina for a long time. I think I’ll go over for an hour or two.

go withoutsomething

suffer lack or deprivation When I was young, we went without winter boots.

grow apart

stop being friends over time My best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.

grow back

regrow My roses grew back this summer.

grow up

become an adult When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.

grow out ofsomething

get too big for Elizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.

grow into something

grow big enough to fit This bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.

hand somethingdown

give something used to someone else handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.

hand something in

submit I have to hand in my essay by Friday.

hand something out

to distribute to a group of people We will hand out the invitations at the door.

hand something over

give (usually unwillingly) The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.

hang in

stay positive (informal) Hang in there. I’m sure you’ll find a job very soon.

hang on

wait a short time (informal) Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!

hang out

spend time relaxing (informal) Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.

hang up

end a phone call He didn’t say goodbye before he hung up.

holdsomeone/somethingback

prevent from doing/going I had to holdmy dog backbecause there was a cat in the park.

hold something back

hide an emotion Jamie held backhis tears at his grandfather’s funeral.

hold on

wait a short time Please hold onwhile I transfer you to the Sales Department.

hold ontosomeone/something

hold firmly using your hands or arms Hold onto your hat because it’s very windy outside.

holdsomeone/somethingup

rob A man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.

keep on doingsomething

continue doing Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.

keep something fromsomeone

not tell We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.

keepsomeone/somethingout

stop from entering Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.

keep something up

continue at the same rate If you keepthose results upyou will get into a great college.

let someone down

fail to support or help, disappoint I need you to be on time. Don’t let me downthis time.

let someone in

allow to enter Can you let the cat in before you go to school?

log in (or on)

sign in (to a website, database etc) I can’t log in to Facebook because I’ve forgotten my password.

log out (or off)

sign out (of a website, database etc) If you don’t log off somebody could get into your account.

look aftersomeone/something

take care of I have to look after my sick grandmother.

look down onsomeone

think less of, consider inferior Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.

look forsomeone/something

try to find I’m looking fora red dress for the wedding.

look forward tosomething

be excited about the future I’m looking forward to the Christmas break.

look into something

investigate We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.

look out

be careful, vigilant, and take notice Look out! That car’s going to hit you!

look out forsomeone/something

be especially vigilant for Don’t forget to look out forsnakes on the hiking trail.

look something over

check, examine Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?

look something up

search and find information in a reference book or database We can look her phone number up on the Internet.

look up to someone

have a lot of respect for My little sister has always looked up to me.

make something up

invent, lie about something Josie made up a story about why we were late.

make up

forgive each other We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.

make someone up

apply cosmetics to My sisters mademe up for my graduation party.

mix something up

confuse two or more things mixed up the twins’ names again!

pass away

die His uncle passed awaylast night after a long illness.

pass out

faint It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.

pass something out

give the same thing to many people The professor passed the textbooks outbefore class.

pass something up

decline (usually something good) passed up the job because I am afraid of change.

pay someone back

return owed money Thanks for buying my ticket. I’ll payyou back on Friday.

pay for something

be punished for doing something bad That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.

pick something out

choose picked outthree sweaters for you to try on.

pointsomeone/somethingout

indicate with your finger I’ll point my boyfriend outwhen he runs by.

put something down

put what you are holding on a surface or floor You can put the groceries downon the kitchen counter.

put someone down

insult, make someone feel stupid The students put the substitute teacher downbecause his pants were too short.

put something off

postpone We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.

put something out

extinguish The neighbours put the fire outbefore the firemen arrived.

put somethingtogether

assemble I have to putthe crib together before the baby arrives.

put up withsomeone/something

tolerate I don’t think I can put up withthree small children in the car.

put something on

put clothing/accessories on your body Don’t forget to put on your new earrings for the party.

run intosomeone/something

meet unexpectedly ran into an old school-friend at the mall.

run oversomeone/something

drive a vehicle over a person or thing I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.

run over/throughsomething

rehearse, review Let’s run over/throughthese lines one more time before the show.

run away

leave unexpectedly, escape The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.

run out

have none left We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.

send something back

return (usually by mail) My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.

set something up

arrange, organize Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.

set someone up

trick, trap The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.

shop around

compare prices I want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.

show off

act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully) He always shows off on his skateboard

sleep over

stay somewhere for the night (informal) You should sleep overtonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.

sort something out

organize, resolve a problem We need to sortthe bills outbefore the first of the month.

stick to something

continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing You will lose weight if you stick to the diet.

switch something off

stop the energy flow, turn off The light’s too bright. Could you switch it off.

switch something on

start the energy flow, turn on We heard the news as soon as we switched onthe car radio.

take after someone

resemble a family member take after my mother. We are both impatient.

take something apart

purposely break into pieces He took the car brakes apartand found the problem.

take something back

return an item I have to takeour new TV back because it doesn’t work.

take off

start to fly My plane takes off in five minutes.

take something off

remove something (usually clothing) Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!

take something out

remove from a place or thing Can you takethe garbage outto the street for me?

take someone out

pay for someone to go somewhere with you My grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.

tear something up

rip into pieces tore up my ex-boyfriend’s letters and gave them back to him.

think back

remember (often + to, sometimes + on) When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.

think something over

consider I’ll have to thinkthis job offer over before I make my final decision.

throw somethingaway

dispose of We threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.

turn something down

decrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.

turn something down

refuse turned the job down because I don’t want to move.

turn something off

stop the energy flow, switch off Your mother wants you to turn the TV offand come for dinner.

turn something on

start the energy, switch on It’s too dark in here. Let’s turnsome lights on.

turn something up

increase the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Can you turnthe music up? This is my favourite song.

turn up

appear suddenly Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.

try something on

sample clothing I’m going to trythese jeans on, but I don’t think they will fit.

try something out

test I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.

use something up

finish the supply The kids usedall of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.

wake up

stop sleeping We have to wake up early for work on Monday.

warmsomeone/somethingup

increase the temperature You can warmyour feet up in front of the fireplace.

warm up

prepare body for exercise I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.

wear off

fade away Most of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.

work out

exercise work out at the gym three times a week.

work out

be successful Our plan worked outfine.

work something out

make a calculation We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.